Do you want to request an early diagnosis of colon and rectal cancer or do you want to contact our team of professionals?
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COLON AND RECTAL CANCER?
Most of the time there are no symptoms of colon and rectal cancer : it does not cause any discomfort until the disease is advanced. If you have blood in your stool, changes in bowel habits for more than six weeks, unexplained weight loss or tiredness, or persistent abdominal discomfort, you should see your doctor to have it checked.
WHAT CAN I DO TO PREVENT COLON AND RECTAL CANCER?
1. TAKE CARE OF YOUR HEALTH
· Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and dairy products, and exercise regularly.
· Limit your consumption of foods with animal fats and red and processed meats, and avoid obesity.
· Do not smoke, and avoid or moderate your consumption of alcoholic beverages.
2. PARTICIPATE IN AN EARLY DIAGNOSIS PROGRAMME FOR COLON AND RECTAL CANCER
The main test for the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer is a colonoscopy. We perform this test in barnaclínic+ i. As we shall explain below, it allows us to detect and remove lesions before they become malignant, as well as advanced tumours.
WHO SHOULD CONSIDER GETTING TESTED FOR COLON AND RECTAL CANCER?
The type of person who should consider getting tested for early diagnosis of colon and rectal cancer is:
1. People aged 50 and over
2. People with a family history (one third of people with colon and rectal cancer have a close relative with this cancer)
3. People who have hereditary forms of colorectal cancer
4. People who have already suffered from cancer or polyps in the colon or rectum
WHY GET TESTED FOR EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF COLON AND RECTAL CANCER AT BARNACLÍNIC+?
At barnaclínic + we offer a comprehensive assessment of the risk of colorectal cancer, taking into account the various risk factors (environmental, family history, hereditary syndromes).
Our team of professionals has many years of experience backed by good results. In 2009, our professionals participated in starting the Colon and Rectal Cancer Early Detection Programme in Barcelona, which currently benefits more than 400,000 people between the ages of 50 and 70.
Our experts have participated in some of the leading clinical studies on early diagnosis of colorectal cancer and some of these studies have been led by Hospital Clínic de Barcelona.
For the early detection of colon cancer, we use the latest technology available to the Grup Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Colonoscopy is a safe, effective and painless procedure, which offers the highest precision in diagnosis.
The team of professionals that performs the barnaclínic+ colon and rectal cancer screening is made up of professionals from various disciplines. Specialists in gastroenterology, gastrointestinal surgery, medical oncology, nuclear medicine, and radiology, among others, work together to guarantee the best diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer.
If any abnormalities are found on the colon and rectal cancer early detection tests, immediate treatment will be considered, customised to the case and the patient. Colon and rectal cancer treatment can be performed endoscopically if detected early, although treatment is often surgical, and the surgery performed must meet a number of principles to ensure curative resection. This is known as suitable oncological resection.
WHAT DOES THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF COLON AND RECTUM CANCER CONSIST OF?
Early diagnosis of colon and rectal cancer consists of a series of tests for the early detection of possible premalignant lesions (polyps) in the large intestine. The process begins with a visit to the gastroenterologist, who will take a complete medical history, an anamnesis, ask about your family history and decide if genetic testing is needed to detect the risk of cancer. At a second visit, the colonoscopy will be performed or, if necessary, the corresponding genetic testing. Once the result of the colonoscopy is obtained, the last visit will be made. Depending on the results, the gastroenterologist will make a preventive recommendation for safety and follow-up or, if necessary, will indicate the next steps for treatment.
· 1st Visit - Medical history, anamnesis and background
· 2nd Visit - Colorectal cancer early diagnosis tests - Colonoscopy
· 3rd Visit - Preventive safety recommendation based on the results
*At the first visit, the gastroenterologist may recommend that genetic testing to detect the risk of cancer be done at another visit.
TESTS TO DETECT COLON AND RECTAL CANCER
Colonoscopy involves examining the lining of the large intestine (colon) using a thin, flexible tube through the anus. It allows the safe and accurate detection of premalignant lesions (polyps) and their removal, as well as the detection of possible colorectal cancer. The test is performed under anaesthesia, controlled by an anaesthesiology professional, which makes it painless. In addition, it is done on an outpatient basis and, 15 or 20 minutes after the colonoscopy, you can leave the Hospital and return home. Counting preparation and recovery, it takes between two and three hours (the test itself lasts about 15 minutes) and it is advisable to have a companion during and after the test.
Do you need medical advice on the early diagnosis of colon and rectal cancer, but are not in Barcelona or cannot travel? If you wish, our professionals will see you by video conference, without leaving your home.
THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF COLON AND RECTAL CANCER IN NUMBERS
· The incidence of colon and rectal cancer is between 20-34 cases per 100,000 inhabitants
· Colorectal cancer accounts for 41% of all deaths from gastrointestinal cancers in the world
· It is the second leading cause of death from cancer, surpassed by lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women, with a global mortality of 40-50%
· It is estimated that > 90% of colon and rectal cancers can be cured if an early diagnosis is made before the disease reaches the advanced stages
· One third of people with colon and rectal cancer have a close relative
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